Mohammad Aman Ahmadi

Mohammad Aman Ahmadi – Founder and Managing Director of Fanoos Accounting Services


Mr. Mohammad Aman Ahmadi is a highly accomplished financial management consultant and mentor with over a decade of experience in the accounting and finance sector. As the founder and managing director of Fanoos Accounting Services, Mr. Ahmadi has a proven track record of providing top-tier professional and technical advisory services to a diverse range of clients, including SMEs, manufacturing companies, nonprofit organizations, and educational institutions.


  • Bachelor in Banking and Financial Management – Avicenna University, Kabul, Afghanistan (2011-2015)
  • English Proficiency Certificate – EFLU, Hyderabad, India (2009)
  • CAT and Diploma in Accounting – Bakhtar University, Kabul, Afghanistan (2007)
  • High School Diploma – Mawlana Jami Jangalak, Ghazni, Afghanistan (2006)

Professional Experience

Mr. Ahmadi has held several significant roles throughout his career, contributing to his extensive expertise and leadership skills:

  • Founder and Managing Director – Fanoos Accounting Services (2011-present)
    • Provides business professional and technical advisory and mentoring services, including bookkeeping, accounting system development, taxation, financial policies development, research, business plan development, and capacity building.
    • Leads the firm in offering financial consulting services to a wide range of clients, ensuring high-quality service delivery and compliance with local regulations.
  • Tax Accounting Consultant – Etminan Manufacturing Company and Action Against Hunger Organization
    • Provides expert tax accounting advice and support to ensure compliance with local tax regulations.
  • Financial Advisor – Karim Amin Rahmani Ltd. and Hadia Private School
    • Offers financial guidance and advice to support business operations and growth.
  • Full-Time Financial Advisor – Reliance Power Company (2016-2020)
    • Managed the company’s finances, including budgeting, forecasting, and financial reporting.
  • Finance Manager – Zurmat Construction Company (2008-2014)
    • Oversaw the company’s finances, including accounting, budgeting, and financial reporting.
  • Finance Manager – Builders International Group (2009-2011)
    • Managed the company’s finances and provided financial guidance to support business operations.
  • Financial Advisor – Poshak Istanbul Manufacturing Company (2013-2014)
    • Streamlined financial processes and managed the company’s finances effectively.

Key Skills

  • Financial Management Consulting and Mentoring
    • Over 10 years of experience providing advisory services to companies and nonprofit organizations.
    • Expertise in bookkeeping, accounting system development, taxation, financial policies development, research, business plan development, and capacity building.
  • Monitoring and Auditing Services
    • Skilled in developing business plans and policies, and financial reporting.
  • Software Proficiency
    • Advanced skills in MS Office, QuickBooks (Desktop and Online), MYOB, and Xero Online accounting systems.

Leadership and Achievements

  • Founder and Managing Director of Fanoos Accounting Services
    • Demonstrated strong leadership skills in managing employees, client relations, and business development.
    • Successfully managed a team, providing guidance and support to help them grow and succeed.
    • Developed effective business plans and proposals to help the company expand.
    • Conducted the first accounting case competition in Afghanistan, in collaboration with Khatam Al Nabieen University, providing practical experience to students.
    • Provided numerous internship opportunities, job placements, and job referrals to support career advancement for individuals.

Contact Information

Mr. Mohammad Aman Ahmadi’s leadership at Fanoos Accounting Services and his extensive background in financial management make him a cornerstone of the company’s success. His commitment to providing exceptional services and fostering the professional growth of his team underscores his dedication to excellence in the accounting and finance industry.

Ms. Shekiba Hakimi

Ms. Shekiba Hakimi – Women Capacity Building Consultant at Fanoos Accounting Services


Ms. Shekiba Hakimi is a dedicated and experienced finance professional who recently joined Fanoos Accounting Services as a Women Capacity Building Consultant. With a strong educational background and a commitment to enhancing the skills of women in the finance sector, Ms. Hakimi brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to her role.


Ms. Hakimi holds a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) degree from Kabul University, obtained in 2018. Her academic journey also includes a diploma from the Banking, Administration and Accounting Institute in Kabul (2015) and a high school diploma from Marefat High School (2013).

Professional Experience

Ms. Hakimi’s professional career is marked by her tenure at Reliance Power Group, where she served in various capacities:

  • Finance Officer (December 2019 – July 2021): In this role, she was responsible for reviewing and auditing financial statements, preparing financial reports, tracking bank deposits and payments, managing accounts payable and receivable, processing invoices, calculating taxes, and reconciling bank statements.
  • Cashier (May 2019 – November 2019): Ms. Hakimi managed daily cash transactions, recorded cash and bank transactions, handled staff salary payments, and prepared various cash reports.
  • Finance Assistant (February 2019 – April 2019): She assisted the Finance Manager and Finance Officer with daily tasks, including entering bills and invoices, scanning and filing documents, and supporting bank reconciliation and cash counting.

Volunteer Experience

Ms. Hakimi has also demonstrated her leadership and organizational skills through her volunteer work:

  • Director of Communication Committee (2017-2018) at Kabul University Student’s Union: She developed and implemented communication strategies, facilitated relations with supporting organizations, and managed media relations.
  • Director of Delegates’ Affairs (2017) at Kabul University International Model United Nations (KUIMUN): She managed delegate participation, conducted interviews, handled registrations, and ensured the provision of necessary facilities during events.


Ms. Hakimi is proficient in multiple languages, including Dari (native), Pashto (fair to excellent proficiency), and English (excellent proficiency). Her computer skills encompass MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, and QuickBooks financial software.

Workshops & Training

Ms. Hakimi has completed several workshops and training programs to enhance her professional skills, including:

  • Business MS Office Package Training by Smart Afghan International Training & Consultancy (2018)
  • Accounting and QuickBooks Training by USAID (Promote) and Fanoos Accounting Services (2017-2018)
  • Accounting and Taxation by UNIMARS Business Group (2015)

Contact Information

Ms. Shekiba Hakimi’s addition to the Fanoos team underscores the company’s commitment to empowering women through capacity-building programs. Her extensive experience and dedication make her a valuable asset to Fanoos Accounting Services and its mission to support women’s professional development in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan’s Economic Decline

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Afghanistan’s Economic Decline Continues but Private Sector Can Support Growth, Says World Bank

WASHINGTON, May 2, 2024—Afghanistan’s economic outlook remains uncertain, with the threat of stagnation looming large until at least 2025, says the World Bank in its latest Afghanistan Development Update.

The report, Navigating Challenges: Confronting Economic Recession and Deflationnotes that a 26 percent contraction in real GDP growth, coupled with declining external financing avenues for off-budget expenditures, paints a stark picture of Afghanistan’s economic prospects. Structural deficiencies in the private sector, together with waning international support for essential services, are anticipated to impede any appreciable economic progress. This economic stagnation is poised to deepen poverty and unemployment where half of the population is already trapped in poverty, and 15 million people are facing food insecurity.

“Afghanistan’s long-term growth prospects depend on a significant shift from its previous reliance on consumption-driven growth and international aid to a more resilient, private sector-led economy that capitalizes on the country’s strengths,” said Melinda Good, World Bank Country Director for Afghanistan“For a sustainable future, Afghanistan needs to address harmful gender policies, invest in health and education, and focus on the comparative advantages it has in the agricultural and extractive sectors.”

Agriculture could be a key driver of growth and poverty reduction, with the potential to create jobs and have a positive impact on income distribution. To realize this potential, strategic investments are needed in irrigation infrastructure, land tenure security, and market access to boost agricultural productivity and resilience.

The Afghanistan Development Update is part of the World Bank’s Afghanistan Futures program, which includes research, monitoring, and analytical reports on the Afghan economy and society. The program aims to support evidence-based policymaking and inform the international community on the economic developments in Afghanistan.


In Washington
Diana Chung

10 Tops Accounting Software

Here is an overview of each accounting software, including its history and owner:

  1. QuickBooks Online
    • Owner: Intuit Inc.
    • History: Launched in 1983 by Scott Cook and Tom Proulx, QuickBooks is one of the most popular accounting software for small to medium-sized businesses. The online version, QuickBooks Online, was introduced in 2001, offering cloud-based access and features.
  2. Xero
    • Owner: Xero Limited
    • History: Founded in 2006 in New Zealand by Rod Drury and Hamish Edwards, Xero has grown to become a leading accounting software for small businesses. It emphasizes integration with third-party apps and a user-friendly interface.
  3. FreshBooks
    • Owner: 2ndSite Inc.
    • History: Launched in 2003 by Mike McDerment, Joe Sawada, and Levi Cooperman, FreshBooks started as an invoicing solution and has since expanded into full-featured accounting software, primarily targeting freelancers and small business owners.
  4. Sage 50cloud
    • Owner: Sage Group plc
    • History: Originally known as Peachtree Accounting, Sage 50cloud was first released in 1978. Sage Group, a UK-based multinational enterprise software company, acquired Peachtree in 1998 and rebranded it to Sage 50cloud.
  5. Zoho Books
    • Owner: Zoho Corporation
    • History: Launched in 2011 as part of the Zoho suite of business applications, Zoho Books is designed to cater to small businesses and freelancers. Zoho Corporation, founded by Sridhar Vembu, is known for its comprehensive suite of cloud-based business tools.
  6. Wave Accounting
    • Owner: H&R Block
    • History: Founded in 2009 by Kirk Simpson and James Lochrie in Toronto, Canada, Wave offers free accounting software for small businesses and freelancers. In 2019, it was acquired by H&R Block, a US-based tax preparation company.
  7. NetSuite ERP
    • Owner: Oracle Corporation
    • History: Founded in 1998 by Evan Goldberg as NetLedger, NetSuite was one of the first cloud-based ERP systems. Oracle Corporation, a multinational computer technology company, acquired NetSuite in 2016.
  8. Kashoo
    • Owner: Kashoo Systems Inc.
    • History: Launched in 2008 by Kashoo Systems Inc., a Canadian company, Kashoo is designed for freelancers and small business owners, offering straightforward accounting solutions with a focus on simplicity and ease of use.
  9. Tally.ERP 9
    • Owner: Tally Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
    • History: Founded in 1986 by Shyam Sunder Goenka and his son Bharat Goenka, Tally Solutions is an Indian multinational company. Tally.ERP 9, launched in 2009, is widely used in India and other international markets for its comprehensive features and reliability.
  10. Odoo
    • Owner: Odoo S.A.
    • History: Founded in 2005 by Fabien Pinckaers, Odoo started as TinyERP and was later rebranded to OpenERP before becoming Odoo. It offers an open-source suite of business applications, including accounting, CRM, and e-commerce, making it highly customizable and versatile.

Financial Accounting Training

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In today’s fast-paced business environment, mastering financial accounting is essential for accurate financial reporting and strategic decision-making. Our practical training courses in financial accounting are designed to provide you with the hands-on experience and technical knowledge needed to excel in your career.

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Xero Accounting Software: Revolutionizing Financial Management for Your Business

At Fanoos Accounting Services, we are dedicated to providing our clients with the best accounting solutions to streamline their financial processes. One such solution is Xero Accounting Software, a powerful and user-friendly platform designed to meet the diverse needs of businesses of all sizes. Here’s why Xero is an excellent choice for your business:

What is Xero Accounting Software?

Xero is a cloud-based accounting software that offers a comprehensive suite of tools for managing your business finances. It is designed to simplify complex accounting tasks, making it easier for business owners, accountants, and bookkeepers to stay on top of their financial operations.

Key Features of Xero

  1. Real-Time Financial Data
    • With Xero, you can access real-time financial information from anywhere, at any time. This means you can make informed business decisions based on up-to-date data, improving the overall efficiency of your financial management.
  2. Invoicing and Payments
    • Create and send professional invoices, and track payments with ease. Xero allows you to automate reminders for overdue invoices, helping you get paid faster.
  3. Bank Reconciliation
    • Xero connects with your bank accounts, automatically importing and categorizing your bank transactions. This makes bank reconciliation quick and hassle-free, ensuring your financial records are always accurate.
  4. Expense Management
    • Manage your expenses efficiently by capturing receipts and tracking spending. Xero’s expense management feature helps you keep an eye on your cash flow and stay within budget.
  5. Payroll Integration
    • Xero seamlessly integrates with payroll systems, making it easy to manage employee salaries, taxes, and other payroll-related tasks. This integration ensures compliance with local regulations and reduces the risk of errors.
  6. Multi-Currency Support
    • For businesses dealing with international clients and suppliers, Xero offers multi-currency support. You can handle transactions in multiple currencies, making it easier to manage global finances.
  7. Detailed Reporting
    • Generate comprehensive financial reports, including profit and loss statements, balance sheets, and cash flow reports. Xero’s reporting capabilities provide valuable insights into your business’s financial health.

Benefits of Using Xero

  • User-Friendly Interface: Xero is known for its intuitive and easy-to-navigate interface, making it accessible even for those with limited accounting knowledge.
  • Collaboration: Xero allows multiple users to access the same data, facilitating collaboration between business owners, accountants, and financial advisors.
  • Security: Your financial data is secure with Xero’s robust security measures, including data encryption and regular backups.
  • Scalability: As your business grows, Xero can scale with you, offering advanced features and integrations to meet your evolving needs.

Why Choose Fanoos Accounting Services for Xero Implementation?

At Fanoos Accounting Services, we specialize in implementing and optimizing Xero for businesses in various industries. Our team of experts will guide you through the setup process, provide training, and offer ongoing support to ensure you get the most out of Xero. Whether you are a small startup or a large enterprise, we can tailor Xero to suit your specific requirements.

Transform your financial management with Xero Accounting Software and experience the benefits of a streamlined, efficient, and accurate accounting process. Contact Fanoos Accounting Services today to learn more about how Xero can help your business thrive.

Guide to Starting a Business in Afghanistan

A Complete Guide to Starting a Business in Afghanistan

1. Market Research and Business Plan

1.1 Conduct Market Research

  • Identify Opportunities: Understand the demand for products or services.
  • Analyze Competitors: Know your competitors and their strategies.
  • Understand the Market: Study the local market conditions, customer preferences, and potential barriers.

1.2 Develop a Business Plan

  • Executive Summary: Outline your business goals and strategies.
  • Business Description: Detail your business idea, mission, and vision.
  • Market Analysis: Present findings from your market research.
  • Organization and Management: Define your business structure and management team.
  • Products or Services: Describe what you’re selling or the service you’re offering.
  • Marketing and Sales Strategy: Plan your marketing and sales approach.
  • Funding Request: If needed, detail your funding requirements.
  • Financial Projections: Include income statements, cash flow statements, and balance sheets.
  • Appendix: Add any additional information, like resumes, permits, or lease agreements.

2. Business Registration and Licensing

2.1 Choose a Business Structure

  • Sole Proprietorship
  • Partnership
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC)
  • Corporation

2.2 Register Your Business

  • Reserve a Business Name: Ensure the name is unique and available.
  • Submit Registration Application: Provide required documents to the Afghanistan Central Business Registry (ACBR).
  • Obtain a Business License: Get a business license from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

2.3 Obtain Necessary Permits and Licenses

  • Trade License: From the Ministry of Commerce.
  • Sector-Specific Licenses: Depending on your industry, additional licenses might be required (e.g., health, construction).

3. Legal and Regulatory Compliance

3.1 Understand Local Laws and Regulations

  • Business Laws: Familiarize yourself with Afghan business laws.
  • Labor Laws: Know the employment laws and workers’ rights.
  • Tax Regulations: Understand the tax obligations for your business.

3.2 Hire Legal Counsel

  • Legal Assistance: Consult with a lawyer to ensure compliance with all local laws and regulations.

4. Financial Management

4.1 Open a Business Bank Account

  • Choose a Bank: Select a bank that offers the services your business needs.
  • Set Up the Account: Provide necessary documents to open an account.

4.2 Arrange for Funding

  • Self-Funding: Use personal savings.
  • Loans: Apply for business loans from banks or microfinance institutions.
  • Investors: Seek out investors or venture capital.

4.3 Accounting and Bookkeeping

  • Hire an Accountant: Consider hiring a professional accountant or bookkeeping service.
  • Accounting Software: Use software like QuickBooks to manage finances.

5. Setting Up Operations

5.1 Find a Location

  • Office Space: Rent or buy office space suitable for your business.
  • Zoning Laws: Ensure the location complies with local zoning laws.

5.2 Equip Your Business

  • Furniture and Equipment: Purchase necessary office furniture and equipment.
  • Technology: Set up computers, software, and internet connectivity.

6. Hiring Employees

6.1 Recruitment

  • Job Descriptions: Create clear job descriptions.
  • Hiring Process: Advertise positions, conduct interviews, and select candidates.

6.2 Employee Training

  • Onboarding: Provide orientation and training for new hires.
  • Continuous Development: Offer ongoing training and development opportunities.

7. Marketing and Sales

7.1 Develop a Marketing Strategy

  • Online Presence: Create a website and use social media.
  • Traditional Marketing: Use flyers, brochures, and local advertising.

7.2 Build a Sales Strategy

  • Sales Channels: Determine your sales channels (e.g., direct sales, online sales).
  • Customer Relationship Management: Implement a CRM system to manage customer interactions.

8. Risk Management

8.1 Identify Risks

  • Operational Risks: Assess potential operational challenges.
  • Financial Risks: Evaluate financial uncertainties.
  • Market Risks: Consider market volatility and competition.

8.2 Develop a Risk Management Plan

  • Mitigation Strategies: Plan strategies to mitigate identified risks.
  • Insurance: Obtain necessary business insurance.

9. Monitoring and Growth

9.1 Track Performance

  • Key Performance Indicators (KPIs): Set and monitor KPIs for your business.
  • Financial Reports: Regularly review financial reports.

9.2 Plan for Expansion

  • Growth Strategies: Identify opportunities for business growth.
  • Scalability: Ensure your business model is scalable.

Starting a business in Afghanistan involves careful planning, understanding local regulations, and strategic execution. By following this guide, you can navigate the complexities and establish a successful business.

General Tax Deadlines

In Canada, the tax filing deadlines are generally the same across all provinces and territories, as the federal tax system administered by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) governs them. Here are the main deadlines:

General Tax Deadlines for Individuals

  1. Income Tax Return:
    • The deadline for most individuals to file their income tax return is April 30 of each year.
    • If April 30 falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline is the next business day.
  2. Self-Employed Individuals:
    • If you or your spouse/common-law partner are self-employed, you have until June 15 to file your return. However, any balance owing must be paid by April 30.
  3. Deceased Individuals:
    • For someone who passed away between January 1 and October 31, the deadline is April 30 of the following year.
    • For someone who passed away between November 1 and December 31, the deadline is six months after the date of death.

Provincial Considerations

While the deadlines for filing taxes are consistent across provinces due to the federal administration, certain provinces may have additional requirements or forms. Here are a few examples:

  1. Quebec:
    • Residents must file a separate provincial tax return with Revenu Québec by April 30.
  2. Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, etc.:
    • No separate provincial return is required, as the federal return covers provincial tax calculations.

Business Tax Deadlines

  1. Corporation Income Tax:
    • The deadline to file a corporate tax return (T2) is six months after the end of the corporation’s fiscal year.
  2. GST/HST Filing:
    • Depending on the business’s reporting period (monthly, quarterly, or annually), deadlines can vary. Annually, the deadline is three months after the fiscal year-end.

Important Points

  • Payment Deadlines:
    • Even if the filing deadline is extended (for self-employed individuals, for example), any taxes owing must still be paid by April 30 to avoid interest charges.
  • Late Filing Penalties:
    • If you owe taxes and do not file by the deadline, a penalty of 5% of the balance owing plus 1% for each month late (up to 12 months) will apply.

For specific provincial details or exceptions, it is best to refer to the provincial tax agency or the CRA website.

Mr. Muhammad Khan

Proposal and Grant Writer, Contract Manager, Federal Contract Administrator, FAR Regulatory Expert, Procurement and Project Management Consultant

Mr. Muhammad Khan brings a wealth of knowledge and experience to Fanoos Accounting Services, excelling in proposal and grant writing, contract management, federal contract administration, and procurement. With a deep understanding of FAR (Federal Acquisition Regulation) and extensive experience in project management, Muhammad plays a pivotal role in helping our clients navigate complex regulatory environments and secure critical funding.

Proposal and Grant Writing: Proficient in crafting compelling proposals and grants that effectively communicate project goals, ensuring alignment with funding criteria and increasing the likelihood of successful outcomes.
Contract Management: Skilled in overseeing the full lifecycle of contracts, from negotiation and execution to compliance and renewal, ensuring that all contractual obligations are met with precision.
Federal Contract Administration: Experienced in managing federal contracts, including adherence to FAR regulations, mitigating risks, and ensuring compliance with governmental standards.
FAR Regulatory Expertise: Comprehensive knowledge of FAR, enabling clients to navigate the intricacies of federal procurement processes and regulatory requirements.
Procurement and Project Management: Expertise in developing and implementing procurement strategies, managing project timelines, and coordinating resources to achieve project objectives efficiently and effectively.
Professional Highlights:
Strategic Leadership: Muhammad has demonstrated exceptional strategic leadership in managing complex projects and contracts, ensuring that all initiatives are completed on time and within budget.
Client-Focused Solutions: Known for his ability to deliver tailored solutions that address the unique needs of each client, Muhammad’s approach enhances project success and fosters long-term client relationships.
Regulatory Compliance: His in-depth understanding of regulatory frameworks ensures that all projects comply with relevant standards and guidelines, minimizing risks and maximizing compliance.
Commitment to Excellence:
At Fanoos Accounting Services, Mr. Muhammad Khan is dedicated to providing clients with expert guidance and support in navigating the complexities of federal contracts and procurement. His ability to develop winning proposals and manage contracts with meticulous attention to detail underscores his commitment to excellence and client success.

Contact Information:
For more information on how Mr. Muhammad Khan can assist with your proposal, grant, and contract management needs, please contact us at:
📞 Phone: +93704995790
✉️ Email:
🌐 Website: