Afghanistan Income Tax Rates (as of 2024)

Afghanistan’s income tax system is structured to apply to individuals and corporate entities. Here’s a comprehensive overview:

1. Individual Income Tax

Taxable Income

Individual income in Afghanistan includes salaries, wages, business income, and other sources of income, both from domestic and international sources.

Tax Rates

The personal income tax rates for residents are progressive, with the following brackets:

  • 0 AFN to 5,000 AFN: 0% (exempt)
  • 5,001 AFN to 12,500 AFN: 2% of the amount over 5,000 AFN
  • 12,501 AFN to 100,000 AFN: 150 AFN plus 10% of the amount over 12,500 AFN
  • Above 100,000 AFN: 9,025 AFN plus 20% of the amount over 100,000 AFN

Example: For an income of 150,000 AFN:

  • Tax for the first 5,000 AFN = 0 AFN
  • Tax for the next 7,500 AFN (5,001 to 12,500) = 150 AFN (2%)
  • Tax for the next 87,500 AFN (12,501 to 100,000) = 8,750 AFN (10%)
  • Tax for the remaining 50,000 AFN (over 100,000) = 10,000 AFN (20%)
  • Total Tax: 18,900 AFN

Non-Residents

Non-residents are taxed only on their income sourced from within Afghanistan. The rates are:

  • First 5,000 AFN: 0%
  • 5,001 AFN to 12,500 AFN: 2%
  • Above 12,500 AFN: 10%

2. Corporate Income Tax

Taxable Income

Corporate income tax applies to profits earned by corporations, whether from domestic or foreign sources.

Tax Rate

  • Standard Rate: 20% of taxable income

Note: Different rules may apply for different types of businesses and sectors.

3. Other Taxes

Business Receipts Tax (BRT)

Businesses are subject to the BRT on their gross income:

  • Services: 2% to 5%
  • Contracting and other sectors: Rates vary depending on the specific sector.

Withholding Taxes

  • Dividends, interest, royalties: Generally 20%
  • Wages: Employers are required to withhold income tax on wages based on the individual’s applicable tax bracket.

Sales Tax

Afghanistan operates a Business Receipts Tax (BRT) which functions similarly to a sales tax on gross receipts.

4. Filing and Payment

Individuals

Individuals must file their annual income tax return by the 31st of Hoot (20th March of the Gregorian calendar). Taxes are usually withheld at source for wage earners.

Corporations

Corporate tax returns are due by the 1st of Jaddi (21st December). Corporations must pay tax on their estimated annual profit.

5. Penalties and Enforcement

Non-compliance with filing and payment requirements can result in penalties, including fines and interest on overdue taxes.

Recent Developments

Afghanistan’s tax laws are subject to change, especially considering the political and economic environment. Tax policies may be adjusted to meet the country’s fiscal needs and regulatory frameworks.

Important Considerations

  • Double Taxation Agreements (DTAs): Afghanistan has DTAs with various countries to prevent double taxation and encourage investment.
  • Tax Identification Numbers (TIN): Individuals and entities engaged in taxable activities must obtain a TIN for tax purposes.

Resources

For the most current and specific details, refer to:

  • Afghanistan Ministry of Finance: https://mof.gov.af/
  • Afghanistan Revenue Department: Available through the Ministry of Finance.

Conclusion

Understanding Afghanistan’s tax rates and obligations is crucial for both residents and non-residents engaged in economic activities within the country. The structure is progressive for individuals and flat for corporate entities, with various rates applying based on the nature and source of income.

Contact Information for Afghanistan Tax Accounting Services

For detailed assistance and queries regarding tax accounting in Afghanistan, you can reach out to:

  • Company: Afghanistan Tax Accounting Services
  • Address: Opposite Sultani Plaza, Kote Sangi, Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Email: admin@fanoosaccounting.com
  • Mobile: +93704995790

Feel free to contact them for professional guidance on tax regulations, filing procedures, and accounting practices in Afghanistan.


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